LGAs - Crucial Partners for DELGOSEA's Future | This month: A Look at the Indonesian LGA Scene
Local self-government is a relatively new development in Indonesia, a country that only in 1999 began with the decentralisation of government. Since January 2001, however, Indonesia has been implementing new laws on local government and intergovernmental fiscal balance, which are popularly known as “Autonomy Laws”. Except for the areas of defense, foreign affairs, religion affairs, justice, monetary, fiscal and macro-economic policies that are in the hand of national government, all the government functions have been devolved down to the local level.
As a consequence and in reaction to this new concept of local self-determination, four local government associations emerged over the last ten years, each focusing on a different aspect of local government. All are partners of DELGOSEA, with various degrees of involvement in the running of the project.
The first organisation to be formally established was the “Association of City Governments of Indonesia” (APEKSI) in January 2000, representing Indonesia’s cities – currently APEKSI consists of 98 members from all over the country. The organisation sees it as its task to offer city capacity development programmes, advocacy, best practice transfer programmes and regional cooperation. This mission has made APEKSI a powerful force speaking on behalf of cities, assisting them in implementing regional autonomy and creating a climate conducive to the establishment of cooperation among regional administrations.
Following on the heels of APEKSI, was APKASI, the ‘Association of Indonesian Regency Governments’, established in May 2000. This is the largest of the four LGAs, representing 398 regency governments . APKASI aims to enhance the capacities of its members in exercising good governance in their municipalities and to establish a harmonious and mutually beneficially collaboration both between APKASI members and with other arms of government – all designed to fulfil its vision of implementing regional autonomy within the framework of the Indonesian republic.
Also working on the level of the regencies, but representing the parliaments of the municipalities (regencies) is ADKASI, the “Association of Indonesia Regency Legislative Councils”. With its 398 members , it is aiming to establish effective regency legislative councils, which promote good local governance to implement sustainable development within the framework of regional autonomy and democracy. Apart from advocacy on policies, the development of networks and capacity building for its members, ADKASI is also committed to ensuring women’s representation in politics through activities such as capacity training for the councils’ female members and gender-based budgeting workshops.
Last, but not least, ADEKSI represents the city parliaments in Indonesia, with a membership of 93 councils across the country. The organisation, which came into being in 2001, aims to improve local governance by supporting their members through providing advice for local councils that are facing legal problems and by offering various capacity building workshops on topics such as public policy management, budgeting and organisations development.