A Mix-and-Match Approach to Replication

A Mix-and-Match Approach to Replication

While initially every pilot city was matched with just one best practice city whose example was being replicated, there has been an unforeseen, but fascinating development as the implementations progressed: the mixing and matching of different best practices to produce a project blueprint, perfectly suited to a particular pilot city. While this has not been part of the original DELGOSEA design, the project team is delighted to witness a complex and creative web of relationships developing across various projects and actors.

Four cities in three countries have based their pilot projects on more than one best practice example: the ManLuNa and BinKiSu clusters in Misamis Oriental and Alaminos in the Philippines, Chiang Rai in Thailand and Kampot in Cambodia. Most of these cities are interested in environmentally friendly ways of waste management and have chosen to implement a combination of the best practices from that thematic field.

While Kampot had originally chosen to implement the Eco-savers project from Marikina in the Philippines (enlisting the help of school students to collect recyclable rubbish), the city became interested in finding additional solutions to their waste problems. The Cambodians were therefore keen to find out more about how Muangklang in Thailand managed solid waste in an environmentally friendly way. A large delegation from Kampot visited the city in March 2012 to find out more about the innovative but simple ways in which Muangklang has transformed the municipality to become a low carbon city.

Chiang Rai in Northern Thailand, on the other hand, had started off with replicating a best practice from Indonesia. The cooperation between neighbouring local governments to address shared needs, illustrated by the local governments of Yogyakarta, Sieman and Bantul on Java, Indonesia, struck a chord with Chiang Rai, a city that was looking for solutions to their solid waste management problem. Through the DELGOSEA networking events, city councillors became more aware of the Eco-savers project – one of the most popular and easiest to replicate of the best practices – and decided to adapt elements for their area: the municipalities have set up a scheme where recyclable rubbish can be exchanged against goods such as eggs.

The Philippine pilot cities are particularly enthusiastic about the mix and match approach. Alaminos, the main city in the ‘One Pangasinan Alliance of Local Government Units’ (OPAL) on Luzon enriched the best practice from Udonthani in Thailand (construction of a wetland for wastewater treatment) with elements from the public-private-people partnership (PPPP) project from Toul Sangke in Cambodia. Cooperation between the private sector, local government and local residents has proven a winning formula for financing expensive infrastructure project – such as a wastewater wetland.

The ManLuNa and BinKiSu clusters in Misamis Oriental, Philippines, have diverged from the theme of waste, showing that other areas of local governance also lend themselves to introducing additional elements to the chosen best practice. The core element of their replication is based on Phuket’s model of attracting tourists to the city by preserving the architectural heritage of the old town centre and reviving ancient traditions. However, since both of these clusters consist more of rural areas and fishing villages than large towns, the clusters decided to add elements of Guimaras in the Philippines by focusing on the encouragement of eco-tourism as engine for growth and development. Additionally, ManLuNa, focusing on Green Governance, added elements from the DELGOSEA best practices low carbon city in Muangklang (Thailand) and the eco savers project of Marikina (Philippines). The cluster has also been exploring potentially interesting aspects to implement from Tubigon, Olongapo and Alaminos (all Philippines).

Finally, giving yet another twist to the relationship between best practice and pilot city, Toul Sangke in Cambodia and Bacolod in the Philippines are reversing their relationship. The cities are best practice partners, with Bacolod replicating Toul Sangke’s scheme of initiating public-private-people partnerships (PPPP) to upgrade the infrastructure in their town. During the initial study visit by the Philippine City to Cambodia, both parties found so much common ground and many shared interests that an impromptu return visit was agreed – not just for the representatives of Bacolod to learn even more from the Cambodians, but also for the councillors from Toul Sangke to adapt ideas from Bacolod for their own city.

Chiang Rai News on www.DELGOSEA.eu:

Misamis Oriental News on www.DELGOSEA.eu:

One Pangasinan Alliance News on www.DELGOSEA.eu:

Kampot News on www.DELGOSEA.eu:

One Pangasinan Alliance News on www.DELGOSEA.eu: